Status of the green peacock in Java, Indonesia

14.12.2008

In the west of the country,in the Uijon Kulon Park, the stock seems to be secure.It is not yet clear to me to what extent their population has spread to other areas.

In the south,on the coastline round the bay of Cilauteureun are some stocks of peacocks.

In the east,in the Baluran National Park,which borders the area of Ijen-Merapi Maelang the stock seems also to be secure.There are still ocurrences in the Alas Purvo National Park as well as in the Meru Betiri National Park.

For the northern part of the country I do not have any information.

As long as the native population can be kept away from the peacocks habitats, stocks will remain secure. Some clutches fall victims to the illegal gathering of eggs. The eggs serve as food and some clutches are,like in many other regions of Asia, bred by chicken hens and kept with domestic chickens.

In my opinion the number of peacocks which fall victims to their natural enemies such as eagles,warans and other hunters is still bigger.Eagles hunt the young ones up to the size of a domestic chicken and warans rather like the eggs and the little ones.

In Uijon Kulon I could see some hens which didn't have young ones and some others with only one or two having the size of a bantam at that moment.As for the offspring it is little, if you take into consideration that a clutch normally consists of 4 to 6 eggs.

Considering the color there is only a slight difference between the green peacocks in the west and the east.The peacocks in the Baluran National Park seem to be more gold-colored in the neck and the chest.Nor the habitat is alike.The Baluran National Park is largely savanna and dry bush land,  whereas in theUijon Kulon Park there is only a small savanna and the biggest part is evergreen and dense jungle.