Among breeders, from breeder to breeder

05.12.2008

Here are some tips on how to breed and keep one of the most beautiful species of gallinaceous birds, the green peacock, for those who have been inspired through these websites.
To start with, peacocks are not hardy and absolutely need a heatable shelter for the cold season. Temperatures around 5 degrees celsius are still acceptable. Even in the North of Thailand temperatures drop under 10 degrees celsius during the night in winter. The temperature during the day lies between 21 and 31. You should avoid leaving them in snow and ice which is very harmful to them. The size of the shelter depends on how many you want to accommodate. My recommendation for a couple or three of them is the following: Shelter 3 to 4 meters in depth, 4 to 5 meters in width 2,5 to 3.5 meters in height, preferable with windows facing south-east to get heat up with the first sunbeams. As building materials the thing to do would be small concrete slabs with a good insulating layer. Wood is also recommendable for their good insulation, but they also offer a good shelter for rodents, like rats and mice.
The roost made from wood should be arm- thick and located at the height of 1,70 up to 2 meters in order to avoid their tail feathers touch the polluted ground with excrements. Stone clay is also recommendable for avoiding the rats settling down. I would grit the ground with a 5cm thick sand layer and in winterwith straw or shavings. To heat the shelter there are radiators, infra-red lamps or the connection to the building heating.
Peacocks bearing a garland of corn are normally all day long out. They never dwell long in one place.
The outside aviary should be if possible, 10 to 20 meters in width 15 to 20 meters in depth 2,5 to 3.5 meters in height For this, posts made from galvanized iron pipes with zinc in 50 mm in diameter would provide a good solution, these can also be used as upper edging for securing the wire mesh and the protection net. A curbstone round the aviary provides protection against foxes and makes it easier to cut the grass. A wire mesh with 50mm in width, or a Casanet wire 19 mm, serve as lateral covering. Nets from synthetic materials with holes from 25 up to 60mm in width have proved itselfs worth. They are tearproof and have a long-lastingness of over 20 years.
The ground of the aviary is preferably to cover with a 5 up to 10 cm thick sand layer for the purpose of draining in which grass will be sown. A third of the aviary should be covered with little pieces of chopped bark. Two up to three roosts at the height of 1.80 meter as well as some ornamental shrubs which serve as sunshade and hiding place round up the general picture of an aviary.You can easily put the peacocks together with pheasants such as the gold-, silver- and the Amherbst. The best thing to do is to grow them together, than they get used to one another.But there is no 100% security on that. You should avoid putting domestic chicken or wild jungle fowls among the others, since these are jointly responsible for passing on the dreaded Blackhead disease. I recommend to feed them with turtle-dove food from Teuerlings and the pellets for pheasants, WZR from Deuka.
Minerals and Muschelkalk are also liked by the birds. Seasonal fruits should not be missed in summer and autumn. During the moulting season flour worms are to be added. In Asia the rearing of the young and the moulting season fall on the rain season when the table in the nature is lavishly laid with fresh grass, green seeds, a lot of fruits and a vast number of insects. During the mating season the birds suffer from having not enough except for fibrous dried up seeds. The foundation for a good breeding is laid in summer or autumn. When you feed them daily with peanuts or egg waffles they get easily tame.
The last step is the purchase of a couple or a trio, if muticus, imperator or spicifer, depends on you. They are all beautiful, but to find good and thoroughbred ones is not that easy. Take care not to purchase any pseudo animals from newspapers, magazines or from the Internet. Many suppliers do not even know how they look like, nor have they ever seen them. The market for peacocks crossed with the indian peacock among others is huge. I also paid dearly for my first ones.